Basic Info

1. Past Tense Rule – past tense can be signed with either:
option 1: the hand thrown over your shoulder or towards your shoulder past tense sign (example dreamed)
option 2: the “D” facing out – the affix “ed” (example dreamed)
SEE signs for past tense 2 options
2. Past Participle Rule – has two options
option 1: flat hand facing up changes to flat hand facing each other past participate sign (example broken)
option 2: the “N” facing out – the affix “en”  (example broken)
SEE signs for past participle 2 options

3. Hand Positions – many signs use hand positions that are repetitious, and can appear in any direction. (click on picture to make it bigger)
SEE signs for hand positions

4. Personal Pronoun direct hand towards person or item indicatedyou, he, she, him, her, it
example: you: index hand points to the person indicated
SEE sign for you - directional
Person Indicator – both flat hands facing in, drop slightly (example savior)
SEE sign for personal indicator
feminine indicator: extended “A” thumb touches chin
SEE sign for feminine indicator
masculine indicator: “A” thumb touches temple
SEE sign for masculine indicator

5. One Sign For One Word – basic words (including homonyms)
lie – two options – to recline and untruth – has two different signs

bore – same sign different meanings – to make a hole; diameter of a hole; past tens of bear; tidal flood with high abrupt front; one who causes boredom; tedious dullness; carry

6. Basic Word Rule– use single signs for each word
bake     beauty     like

7. Complex Words Rule – (including affixes) use more than one motion or sign to accomplish
bakery – bake + R (ar, er, or) + Y (R + Y equals ary, ory, ery)
beautiful – beauty + ful
unlike – u (un affix) + like
unchangeableness – u (un affix) + change + able + n (ness affix)

8. Compound Words Rule – two basic signs combine to make one word
doghouse – dog + house – close compound word
daughter-in-law – daughter + in + law – hyphenated compound word
post office – post + office – open compound word

9. Initialized Word Rule – each word within a group of words starts with the same action, but uses different letters to completed signs – example below of just one group of words same action for all these signs, but different letters used: side of each letter hands brush down chest,making a circle
act     drama     perform     theater