Basic Info

1. Past Tense Rule – past tense can be signed with 2 options.

option 1: the hand thrown over your shoulder or towards your shoulder past tense sign

sign for dreamed option 1

option 1: example – dreamed

option 2: the “D” facing out – the affix “ed”

sign for dreamed option 2

option 2: example – dreamed

2. Past Participle Rule – has two options – option 1: flat hand facing up changes to flat hand facing each other past participate sign option 2: the “N” facing out – the affix “en”

signs for past participle 2 options
sign for broken option 1

past participle example option 1 – broken

sign for broken option 2

past particle example option 2 broken

3. Hand Positions – many signs use hand positions that are repetitious, and can appear in any direction.

signs for hand positions

4. Personal Pronoun – direct hand towards person or item indicated – you, he, she, him, her, it
example: you: index hand points to the person indicated

sign for you - directrional

example: you: index hand points to the person indicated, straight, to the side, etc.

sign for personal indicator

Person Indicator – both flat hands facing in, drop slightly

sign for savior

person indicator example: Savior

sign for feminine indicator

feminine indicator: extended “A” thumb touches chin

sign for masculine indicator

masculine indicator: “A” thumb touches temple

5. One Sign For One Word – basic words (including homonyms)

sign for lie (untruth)

sign for lie (untruth)

sign for lie (to recline)

sign for lie (to recline)

sign for bore

bore – same sign different meanings – to make a hole; diameter of a hole; past tens of bear; tidal flood with high abrupt front; one who causes boredom; tedious dullness; carry – some groups of signers will finger spell word such as these because of the different meanings, it is up to you.

6. Basic Word Rule– use single signs for each word

sign for bake

sign for bake

sign for beauty

sign for beauty

sign for like

sign for like

7. Complex Words Rule – (including affixes) use more than one motion or sign to accomplish

sign for bakery

bakery – bake + R (ar, er, or) + Y (R + Y equals ary, ory, ery)

sign for beautiful

beautiful – beauty + ful

sign for unlike

unlike – u (un – affix sign plus like sign)

sign for unchangeableness

unchangeableness – u (un affix) + change + able + n (ness affix)

8. Compound Words Rule – two basic signs combine to make one word

sign for doghouse

doghouse – dog + house – close compound word

sign for daughter-in-law

daughter-in-law – daughter + in + law – hyphenated compound word

sign for post office

post office – post + office – open compound word

9. Initialized Word Rule – each word within a group of words starts with the same action, but uses different letters to completed signs – example below of just one group of words same action for all these signs, but different letters used: side of each letter hands brush down chest,making a circle

sign for act

sign for act

sign for drama

sign for drama

sign for perform

sign for perform

sign for theater

sign for theater